Health Promotion Program – Choices Matter.
The menu approach offers staff a range of options to support lifestyle changes. It authorizes individuals to select the kind of help that suits their schedules and preferences.
The four basic types of wellness programs include -
o Guided self help
o Individual counseling
Classes (8 or more) may be an effective means of providing education and social support for behavior change. The length of a class can vary depending on topic requirements. It isn’t sufficient to offer only courses at a worksite.
Many staff members are under time constraints with after work commitments and although they might be interested they simply cannot participate because of their schedules.
Workers could be very eager to begin a wellness program but because of lack of participants to meet class quotas, the wellness program is canceled.
A lot of national businesses like the American Heart Association, American Cancer Society, Weight Watchers, etc. offer classes; you should’ve little trouble in identifying a provider for class type wellness programs.
You may want to contact your local hospital, health department, or YMCA for possible choices. for choosing a provider to provide a health promotion program you may want to review the section on health promotion program structure.
When there isn’t enough interest to create a class, those who are interested in a given health topic could be formed into a minigroup (2 to 7).
The minigroup can cover the same content as a class but do so in a less formal manner. Presentation of information and discussion is the major format of the minigroup.
Most staff do not want formal help in making health changes; they prefer to do it on their own. In guided self-help, the wellness counselors provide support, materials, and encouragement.
Meeting times may be arranged and contact may be made either in individuals, by phone, or computer. Materials may be made available at the workplace, or mailed to the individual. Some workplaces now make information available via intranets or the Internet.
One of the most successful ways to help individuals change and improve their health status is counseling (or coaching) on a one-on-one basis.
In published studies, health promotion programs which incorporated individual counseling as part of the health promotion program process achieved significantly higher participation rates and achieved greater risk reduction/risk elimination than standard group programs. Studies have demonstrated that individual counseling is both cost effective and cost beneficial.
A wellness counselor should be trained in screening techniques, for in certain situations, they could be required to both screen person and counsel them. They should know how to do the following -
o Review staff member health risks
o Contact personnel who’ve health risks.
o Counsel personnel on a one-on-one basis, assisting them set goals, solve problems, and get specialist help when they need it.
o Make sure to help staff follow their treatment recommendations and make lifestyle and health behavior changes.
o Recruit personnel into wellness programs, like weight reduction and smoking cessation.
o Make sure to work with workforce on a one-on-one basis using guided self-help.
o Conduct courses and minigroups when necessary.
o Be sure to work with wellness committee members to plan and conduct workplace-wide wellness activities.
Wellness counselors are health generalists; they must have basic knowledge about a wide range of health topics and health risks.
Counselors ought to be able to talk with workforce about their health problems and the treatments prescribed by their doctors.
They should have a good overview of nutrition, exercise physiology, pathophysiology of illness, pharmacology, psychology, and behavior change skills.